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Tag: Follow-Up Studies

Minimum 25-year outcome and functional assessment of lumbar discectomy.

Posted: July 12, 2016 at 1:59 pm   /   Degenerative

This paper is a retrospective review on 348 consecutive patients who had lumbar discectomy surgery between 1973 and 1979 by the orthopedic department of Federico II Hospital in Naples, Italy.   Seven different surgeons participated in the surgical treatments.   Two Hundred One (201)  patients agreed to participate in follow-up,  either by mail or by an in […]

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Long-term outcomes of surgical and nonsurgical management of sciatica secondary to a lumbar disc herniation: 10 year results from the maine lumbar spine study.

Posted: May 26, 2016 at 1:19 pm   /   Degenerative

The debate of surgical management vs. nonsurgical care for the treatment of sciatica resulting from a lumbar disc herniation remains ongoing. This study by Atlas et al (2005) represents a long term prospective investigation looking at the outcomes of surgery vs. conservative treatment up to ten years for patients with sciatica due to a disc […]

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Frequency and clinical predictors of adverse reactions to chiropractic care in the UCLA neck pain study.

Posted: May 24, 2016 at 7:22 am   /   Degenerative

This study by Hurwitz et al from 2005 looked at the type and frequency of adverse events associated with chiropractic treatments for neck pain. Study participants were included if they had neck pain without progressive neurologic deficit or presence of disc herniations. Additionally they were excluded if they had evidence of myelopathy, spondyloarthropathy or were […]

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Surgery for spinal stenosis: long-term reoperation rates, health care cost, and impact of instrumentation.

Posted: May 5, 2016 at 8:18 am   /   Degenerative

There has been a significant increase in the rates of spinal fusion in the past 15 years in the United States. This study attempted to identify the efficacy and costs associated with this trend. This study by Lad et al provided a retrospective cohort analysis of a population that underwent spinal stenosis surgery between 2002 […]

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2009 ISSLS Prize Winner: Does discography cause accelerated progression of degeneration changes in the lumbar disc: a ten-year matched cohort study.

Posted: February 19, 2016 at 7:15 am   /   Degenerative

The 2009 ISSLS Prize Winner for the best paper was awarded to Carragee et al for the Paper Titled Does Discography Cause accelerated progression of degenerative changes in the lumbar Spine: In this paper, Dr. Carragee followed a group of asymptomatic volunteers who had discography from L3-S1 performed in 1997,  and compared the results of […]

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1997 Volvo Award winner in clinical studies. Degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis with spinal stenosis: a prospective, randomized study comparing decompressive laminectomy and arthrodesis with and without spinal instrumentation.

Posted: December 5, 2015 at 8:23 am   /   Degenerative

This prominent historical study by Fischgrund et al published in 1997, was a well-controlled randomized trial looking at both clinical and radiographic outcomes of lumbar laminectomy with arthrodesis surgery in patients with degenerative spondylolisthesis and spinal stenosis. Patients in this study (N=68) were randomly assigned to two treatment groups; Lumbar laminectomy with posterolateral intertransverse process […]

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2001 Volvo Award Winner in Clinical Studies: Lumbar fusion versus nonsurgical treatment for chronic low back pain: a multicenter randomized controlled trial from the Swedish Lumbar Spine Study Group.

Posted: December 5, 2015 at 8:09 am   /   Degenerative

This multicenter, randomized control trial out of Sweden was the 2001 Volvo Award Winner in Clinical Studies.   Fritzell et al randomized 294 patients into a surgical treatment group (n=222) versus a non-surgical group (N=72).  Patients were randomly assigned treatment and multiple validated outcome measures were utilized.  The overall goal of the study was to define “if lumbar fusion […]

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Degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis with spinal stenosis. A prospective study comparing decompression with decompression and intertransverse process arthrodesis.

Posted: December 5, 2015 at 7:49 am   /   Degenerative

This study published by the late Dr. Harry Herkowitz, from William Beaumont Hospital in 1991, is one of the most influential papers of its time. His contributions to the field of degenerative spinal surgery continue to influence current research and treatment of many spinal disorders. This paper in particular, has been referenced over 800 times […]

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A prospective, randomized study of lumbar fusion. Preliminary results.

Posted: December 2, 2015 at 3:20 pm   /   Degenerative

This  randomized study published in 1993 was one of the first to compare instrumentation to no instrumentation using the prospective approach.  One hundred and twenty four patients were included in this study who underwent surgery for a degenerative lumbar condition that included isthmic and degenerative spondylolisthesis, degenerative disc disease, scoliosis with spinal stenosis and repair […]

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