The natural history of spondylolysis and spondylolisthesis.
This is a classic Spine Study looking at the natural history of spondylolysis and spondylolisthesis in a population of 500 first grade students in a small community bordering New York and Pennsylvania. The initial enrollment period was 1954 to 1957. The inclusion criteria was that the first grader had parental permission and attended one of […]
The prediction of curve progression in untreated idiopathic scoliosis during growth.
The natural history of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis is still not entirely understood despite decades of research. This study by Lonstein and Carlson is truly one of the classic papers published on the subject of idiopathic scoliosis, looking at the prognostic factors related to curve progression. The study population was drawn from a database of juvenile and adolescent […]
Iliac crest bone graft harvest donor site morbidity. A statistical evaluation.
This paper published in 1995 is a case series of 261 patients that have had either posterior or anterior iliac crest harvesting for spinal fusion. With current utilization of bone graft substitutes including bone marrow aspiration and BMP, many of the more recently trained spine surgeons may not have had the experience of dealing with complications and […]