Surgery for spinal stenosis: long-term reoperation rates, health care cost, and impact of instrumentation.
There has been a significant increase in the rates of spinal fusion in the past 15 years in the United States. This study attempted to identify the efficacy and costs associated with this trend. This study by Lad et al provided a retrospective cohort analysis of a population that underwent spinal stenosis surgery between 2002 […]
The study published by Lee in 1988 was intended to descriptively define conditions and pathomechanics at adjacent segments following a lumbar fusion. This was at a time period where the effectiveness of lumbar fusion for low back pain was one of the foremost questions to be answered and potential complications of the procedure were largely […]